Archive for July, 2007

Why SMART Goals?

Posted: July 28, 2007 in Personality Development

Locke’s Goal Setting Theory
Understanding SMART Goal Setting

Goal setting is a powerful way of motivating people. The value of goal setting is so well recognized that entire management systems, like Management by Objectives, have goal setting basics incorporated within them.

In fact, goal setting theory is generally accepted as among the most valid and useful motivation theories in industrial and organizational psychology, human resource management, and organizational behavior.

Many of us have learned – from bosses, seminars, and business articles – to set SMART goals. It seems natural to assume that by setting a goal that’s Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-bound, we will be well on our way to accomplishing it.

But is this really the best way of setting goals?

To answer this, we look to Dr Edwin Locke’s pioneering research on goal setting and motivation in the late 1960s. In his 1968 article “Toward a Theory of Task Motivation and Incentives,” he stated that employees were motivated by clear goals and appropriate feedback. Locke went on to say that working toward a goal provided a major source of motivation to actually reach the goal – which, in turn, improved performance.

This information does not seem revolutionary to most of us some 40 years later. This shows the impact his theory has had on professional and personal performance.

In this article, we look at what Locke had to say about goal setting, and how we can apply his theory to our own performance goals.

Goal Setting Theory

Locke’s research showed that there was a relationship between how difficult and specific a goal was and people’s performance of a task. He found that specific and difficult goals led to better task performance than vague or easy goals.

Telling someone to “Try hard” or “Do your best” is less effective than “Try to get more than 80% correct” or “Concentrate on beating your best time.” Likewise, having a goal that’s too easy is not a motivating force. Hard goals are more motivating than easy goals, because it’s much more of an accomplishment to achieve something that you have to work for.

A few years after Locke published his article, another researcher, Dr Gary Latham, studied the effect of goal setting in the workplace. His results supported exactly what Locke had found, and the inseparable link between goal setting and workplace performance was formed.

In 1990, Locke and Latham published their seminal work, “A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance.” In this book, they reinforced the need to set specific and difficult goals, and they outlined three other characteristics of successful goal setting.

Five Principles of Goal Setting

To motivate, goals must take into consideration the degree to which each of the following exists:

  1. Clarity.
  2. Challenge.
  3. Commitment.
  4. Feedback.
  5. Task complexity.

Let’s look at each of these in detail.

  1. Clarity
    Clear goals are measurable, unambiguous, and behavioral. When a goal is clear and specific, with a definite time set for completion, there is less misunderstanding about what behaviors will be rewarded. You know what’s expected, and you can use the specific result as a source of motivation. When a goal is vague – or when it’s expressed as a general instruction, like “Take initiative” – it has limited motivational value.To improve your or your team’s performance, set clear goals that use specific and measurable standards. “Reduce job turnover by 15%” or “Respond to employee suggestions within 48 hours” are examples of clear goals.

    When you use the SMART acronym to help you set goals, you ensure the clarity of the goal by making it Specific, Measurable and Time-bound.

  2. Challenge
    One of the most important characteristics of goals is the level of challenge. People are often motivated by achievement, and they’ll judge a goal based on the significance of the anticipated accomplishment. When you know that what you do will be well received, there’s a natural motivation to do a good job.Rewards typically increase for more difficult goals. If you believe you’ll be well compensated or otherwise rewarded for achieving a challenging goal, that will boost your enthusiasm and your drive to get it done.

    Setting SMART goals that are Relevant links closely to the rewards given for achieving challenging goals. Relevant goals will further the aims of your organization, and these are the kinds of goals that most employers will be happy to reward.

    When setting goals, make each goal a challenge. If an assignment is easy and not viewed as very important – and if you or your employee doesn’t expect the accomplishment to be significant – then the effort may not be impressive.

Note:
It’s important to strike an appropriate balance between a challenging goal and a realistic goal. Setting a goal that you’ll fail to achieve is possibly more de-motivating than setting a goal that’s too easy. The need for success and achievement is strong, therefore people are best motivated by challenging, but realistic, goals. Ensuring that goals are Achievable or Attainable is one of the elements of SMART.

  1. Commitment
    Goals must be understood and agreed upon if they are to be effective. Employees are more likely to “buy into” a goal if they feel they were part of creating that goal. The notion of participative management rests on this idea of involving employees in setting goals and making decisions.

    One version of SMART – for use when you are working with someone else to set their goals – has A and R stand for Agreed and Realistic instead of Attainable and Relevant. Agreed goals lead to commitment.

    This doesn’t mean that every goal has to be negotiated with and approved by employees. It does mean that goals should be consistent and in line with previous expectations and organizational concerns. As long as the employee believes the goal is consistent with the goals of the company, and believes the person assigning the goal is credible, then the commitment should be there.

    Interestingly, goal commitment and difficulty often work together. The harder the goal, the more commitment is required. If you have an easy goal, you don’t need a lot of motivation to get it done. When you’re working on a difficult assignment, you will likely encounter challenges that require a deeper source of inspiration and incentive.

    As you use goal setting in your workplace, make an appropriate effort to include people in their own goal setting. Encourage employees to develop their own goals, and keep them informed about what’s happening elsewhere in the organization. This way, they can be sure that their goals are consistent with the overall vision and purpose that the company seeks.

  2. Feedback
    In addition to selecting the right type of goal, an effective goal program must also include

    feedback. Feedback provides opportunities to clarify expectations, adjust goal difficulty, and gain recognition. It’s important to provide benchmark opportunities or targets, so individuals can determine for themselves how they’re doing.

    These regular progress reports, which measure specific success along the way, are particularly important where it’s going to take a long time to reach a goal. In these cases, break down the goals into smaller chunks, and link feedback to these intermediate milestones.

    SMART goals are Measurable, and this ensures that clear feedback is possible.

    With all your goal setting efforts, make sure that you build in time for providing formal feedback. Certainly, informal check-ins are important, and they provide a means of giving regular encouragement and recognition. However, taking the time to sit down and discuss goal performance is a necessary factor in long-term performance improvement. See our article on Delegation for more on this.

 

  • Task Complexity
    The last factor in goal setting theory introduces two more requirements for success. For goals or assignments that are highly complex, take special care to ensure that the work doesn’t become too overwhelming.

    People who work in complicated and demanding roles probably have a high level of motivation already. However, they can often push themselves too hard if measures aren’t built into the goal expectations to account for the complexity of the task. It’s therefore important to do the following:

    • Give the person sufficient time to meet the goal or improve performance.
    • Provide enough time for the person to practice or learn what is expected
      and required for success.


    The whole point of goal setting is to facilitate success. Therefore, you want to make sure that the conditions surrounding the goals don’t frustrate or inhibit people from accomplishing their objectives. This reinforces the “Attainable” part of SMART.

    Key points:

    Goal setting is something most of us recognize as necessary for our success.

    By understanding goal setting theory, you can effectively apply the principles to goals that you or your team members set. Locke and Latham’s research emphasizes the usefulness of SMART goal setting, and their theory continues to influence the way we set and measure performance today.

    Use clear, challenging goals, and commit yourself to achieving them. Provide feedback on goal performance. Take into consideration the complexity of the task. If you follow these simple rules, your goal setting process will be much more successful … and your overall performance will improve.

  • Notepad2 2.0.17

    Posted: July 26, 2007 in Softwares

    Notepad2 is a light-weight, free and open source Notepad-like text editor with syntax highlighting for a few commonly used languages. It’s based on the Scintilla source code editing component and works on NT-based versions of Windows. This program can be run out of the box without installation, and does not touch your system’s registry.

    Features

    – Syntax highlighting: HTML, XML, PHP, ASP (JS, VBS), CSS, JavaScript, VBScript, C/C++, C#, Resource Script, Makefiles, Java, Visual Basic, Pascal, Assembly, SQL, Perl, Python, Configuration Files, Apache Config Files, Batch Files, Diff Files
    – Drag & drop text editing inside and outside Notepad2
    – Basic regular expression search and replace
    – Useful word, line and block editing shortcuts
    – Rectangular selection (Alt+Mouse)
    – Brace matching, auto indent, long line marker, zoom functions
    – Support for Unicode, UTF-8, Unix and Mac text files

    – Open shell links
    – Mostly adjustable

    New in Version 2.0.17 (July 24, 2007)

    – Option to allow only one Notepad2 window for each file
    – Option to display filename in window title in various forms
    – Hotkey Shift+Esc to save file and exit Notepad2
    – Indent size can be specified separately from tab width
    – Indent guides are highlighted along with matching braces
    – Caret can be displayed as a block (specify “block” for caret width)
    – Find and replace dialogs can be toggled from the toolbar
    – Tray icon is restored when Explorer is restarted
    – Fixed bug with brace matching
    – Fixed bug with replacement of ^c cutting the last character
    – Fixed bug with regular expression search causing infinite loop
    – Updated Scintilla library to 1.74

    Download: Notepad2 v.2.0.17 freeware
    Screenshot: >> Click here <<
    Link: Home Page

    Auto Runs 8.71

    Posted: July 26, 2007 in Softwares

    This utility, which has the most comprehensive knowledge of auto-starting locations of any startup monitor, shows you what programs are configured to run during system bootup or login, and shows you the entries in the order Windows processes them. These programs include ones in your startup folder, Run, RunOnce, and other Registry keys. You can configure Autoruns to show other locations, including Explorer shell extensions, toolbars, browser helper objects, Winlogon notifications, auto-start services, and much more. Autoruns goes way beyond the MSConfig utility bundled with Windows Me and XP. Autoruns’ Hide Signed Microsoft Entries option helps you to zoom in on third-party auto-starting images that have been added to your system and it has support for looking at the auto-starting images configured for other accounts configured on a system. Also included in the download package is a command-line equivalent that can output in CSV format, Autorunsc. You’ll probably be surprised at how many executables are launched automatically! Autoruns works on all versions of Windows including 64-bit versions.

    Changes:

    This update fixes a bug related to processing of Terminal Services add-ins.

    Download: AutoRuns 8.71 freeware
    Screenshot: >> Click here <<
    Link: Home Page

    1. The Law of Wisdom

    Highest wisdom resides in God’s supreme thought and love.

    2. The Law of Prosperity

    Success that lasts can only be achieved when one priorities in accordance with divine instruction – at all levels, including financial matters.

    3. The Law of Motive

    Meaningful work and living are motivated by unconditional love for others.

    4. The Law of Generosity

    Service and giving create abundance, for others and ourselves.

    5. The Law of Understanding

    To love with God’s heart, see through His eyes, and think His thoughts are the ultimate goals for the truly enlightened spirit.

    6. The Law of Preparation

    Being responsible with and wisely managing life resources requires commitment to truly important purpose and careful planning.

    7. The Law of Preservation

    Wise stewardship ensures that money, principles, values, and spiritual guidance can be passed from one generation to the next.

    MyPhoneExplorer 1.6.1

    Posted: July 21, 2007 in Softwares

    MyPhoneExplorer – with this program you can administer its Sony-Ericsson mobile phone simply

    MyPhoneExplorer is a free and useful program with the help of which you can administer its Sony-Ericsson mobile phone simply.

    Connect your phone via cable, bluetooth or infrared and you’ll be surprised how easy and efficient you can manage your phone with this compact software.

    Here are some key features of “MyPhoneExplorer”:

    – Adressbook – with direct sync to Outlook, Outlook Express and Thunderbird

    – Organizer with calendarview and direct sync to Outlook, Sunbird, Thunderbird, Rainlendar and net shared calendars (WebDAV, FTP)

    – SMS – archive, export, import, excessive messages,…

    – Filebrowser with cachesystem to minimize datatransfer…

    – Set phoneclock based on atomtime

    – Handle your calls via PC

    MyPhoneExplorer is optimized for the SonyEricsson K700. Other tested mobile phones: T300, T610, T630, T68, K500, S700, K750, D750, V800, Z600

    Download
    Home Page
    Size: 2.61 MB

     

    Setup Studio 1.0.7

    Posted: July 16, 2007 in Softwares

    Setup Studio

    Setup Studio – a revolutionary software that installs your PC in completely unattended automatic mode incl. security patches, drivers, programs and configuration, saving great amounts of your time and effort! Why reinstall Windows? Keeping today’s PC’s ecosystem is a complex task. Though there is a number of specialized programs to keep the system safe and clean, last generation of malware, spyware and rootkits puts your computer at risk all the time. Even if you use antispam, antispyware, antivirus and firewall combined as an ultimate protection, you can’t be 100% sure. Even Microsoft has acknowledged recently that it is impossible to be quite sure that the PC is not infected. By using Setup Studio unattended installation, you can periodically create a clean installation of Windows and thereby reduce the possibility of being exposed to security threats for a considerable period of time. Furthermore, regular reinstallations keep your computer in a great shape. With Setup Studio, you can reduce, or completely eliminate slowdowns, crashes and erratic behaviour.

    Features:

    Streamlined user interface
    In order to make the orientation and task selection easier, Setup Studio is divided into modules. It is an integrated, yet modular system for all tasks necessary to create an unattended (silent) installation CD/DVD (also called “pre-installation media” by big OEM’s such as Dell, HP etc.).

    Installation engine
    Setup Studio uses a specialized GUI engine for unattended installation that is launched at the moment the basic Windows setup is completed. The engine installs and sets up everything – from patches and programs to advanced tasks. At the same time, it can run in an interactive diagnostic mode allowing for better error detection and debugging. It was specially designed for enthusiasts trying to bring their project to perfection.

    Automatic detection and prevention
    Setup Studio detects your Windows build and adjusts itself accordingly. The Hotfixes module prevents from adding wrong security patches to the project. Built-in support and program detection based on MD5 hash for hundreds of programs also help to avoid errors in installation switches.

    Driver packs and mass storage drivers support
    Installing Mass storage drivers for non-standard HDD IDE controllers is a Windows Setup complication. Now it is trivial to add a mass storage driver. The integration is done in a background. Setup Studio also supports adding drivers from Driver packs. These are particularly helpful for building a reference technician CD/DVD that should have support for widest range of devices such as motherboards and other hardware.

    Built-in burning module
    While there is number of media burning programs, creating bootable CD/DVDs is not the easiest of tasks. Still it is necessary to ensure that your project CD/DVD is perfectly bootable. With built-in burning and bootable CD/DVD support you don’t have to worry. Burning your project in Setup Studio is absolutely simple, virtually a click of a button [view full features list]

    Changelog:
    * This release contains enhancements in reporting and item description in Setup Studio report.

    Download: Setup Studio 1.0.7 shareware
    Screenshot: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
    Link: Home Page


    Thought of the day

    Posted: July 16, 2007 in Personality Development

    “Desire is the starting point of all achievement. Keep this constantly in mind. Weak desires bring weak results, just as a small amount of fire makes a small amount of heat.”
    – Napolean Hill –

    iTunes 7.3.1

    Posted: July 12, 2007 in Softwares

    Buy music, movies, TV shows, and audiobooks, or download free podcasts from the iTunes Store 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Organize and play everything on your Mac or PC. Then sync it to your iPod and bring it along. Anywhere.

    What’s New:

    About iTunes 7.3.1 for Windows
    With iTunes 7.3, you can now activate iPhone service and sync it with your music, TV shows, movies and more. Also, you can now wirelessly share and enjoy your favorite digital photos from any computer in your home with Apple TV. iTunes 7.3.1 addresses a minor problem with iTunes 7.3 accessing the iTunes Library.

    Download: iTunes 7.3.1
    View: Apple iTunes Website

    Logframes, and the Logical Framework Approach
    Planning robust, coherent, successful projects

    In practice, even the best project managers can find it difficult to plan major projects without missing important activities, and without failing to spot all significant risks and issues. What’s more, once you’re immersed in the detail of project planning, it’s hard to keep site of the big picture: What are you trying to achieve and why? What are the risks and assumptions? And how you can tell whether the project is a success once it’s implemented?

    The Logical Framework Approach is a useful technique for helping you do these things, thereby making your projects more robust and coherent – and more successful.

    The Logical Framework Approach (LFA) was developed in the 1970s as a tool for strategic planning, using the ideas of Management by Objectives. It’s a tool of choice used by development agencies and in the international donor community. Large aid organizations throughout the world use the LFA for planning, approving, evaluating and monitoring their projects. That said, this is a powerful and useful technique, and is one that richly deserves much wider application than in international development alone.

    The Logical Framework Approach and the Logframe

    The Logical Framework Approach elegantly weaves together top-down and bottom-up approaches to project management. It brings together the classical, top-down, “waterfall approach” for identifying the activities in a project, with a rigorous bottom-up checking process to make sure that these activity lists are comprehensive. It then reinforces this with a rigorous risks and assumptions analysis, which is again thoroughly checked. And it concludes by identifying the controls needed to monitor and manage the project through to successful conclusion.

    It does this within the framework of the Logframe Matrix, shown in Figure 1 below. This cross-references seven key areas of the project to ensure that the key questions are asked:

    • Goal – why are we doing this?
    • Purpose – what results do we expect?
    • Outputs – what are the deliverables?
    • Activities – what will we do to deliver the outputs?
    • Indicators of Achievement – how will we know we’ve been successful?
    • Means of Verification – how will we check our reported results?
    • Risks and Assumptions – what assumptions underlie the structure of our project and what is the risk they will not prevail?

    The answers to these questions are put into a Logical Framework Matrix (Logframe) and become the output of the Logical Framework Analysis exercise. The Logframe is a four by four matrix, shown below:

    Figure 1: The Logframe Matrix

    Logframe Matrix

    Project Summary

    Indicators of Achievement

    Means of Verification

    Important Risks and Assumptions

    Goal:      
    Purpose:      
    Outputs:      
    Activities:      

     

    The process has significant value for any size of project. It helps identify the big picture and allows you to see how other items cascade down from it. As well, it helps flesh out the core assumptions that are used in the project development process.

    Using a Logframe

    Carry out the following steps in consultation with your stakeholders, after you’ve completed a thorough analysis of the situation. By involving stakeholders, you’ll end up with a much more robust analysis of the project than you would on your own.

    Step 1: Identifying Outputs and Activities (Project Summary, Column 1):

    The first step is to brainstorm the outputs and activities required by the project, starting with the project goal. Do this in the Project Summary column (column 1) of the Logframe. Start by defining the Goal and Purpose of the project and, from these, identify the outputs and the activities required:

    • Goal: What is the “to be” state of the project? What are you trying to achieve?
    • Purpose: What good will you do by achieving the goal? Who are the beneficiaries? What is the underlying motivation for starting the project in the first place?
    • Outputs: What specific things will be delivered as a result of this project? In order for the project to be considered a success, what changes must be made, and what will the result be?
    • Activities: What will actually be done in order to deliver the intended outputs? The Logframe is not intended as an implementation guide, so this section is typically presented in bullet point form.

    Tip:
    Don’t underestimate the amount of time and work needed to complete this process properly! Manage people’s expectations on this, and keep them focused on the task in hand. If people lose focus, you’ll miss important activities, false assumptions, and risks.

    Step 2: Verify the Vertical Logic
    Next, we take a bottom-up approach to checking that this list of activities will deliver the desired results – after all, it’s possible that activities have been missed, or that the actual results of these activities may not be the ones wanted. This checking process is an important part of making sure that your project plan is robust.

    Column one shows a hierarchy of objectives, so it is important to check that actions identified deliver the results wanted. Check the logic in column one by using an if/then test as follows. Starting with your activities, ensure that:

    • IF you complete the activity, THEN the outputs will occur.
      You want to make sure your activities and outputs are directly linked.
    • IF your outputs are achieved, THEN the purpose of your project will be satisfied. Are the planned outputs closely tied to your purpose? Make sure the beneficiaries you identified in your purpose actually receive the beneficial outcome desired.
    • IF your purpose is satisfied, THEN the goal of the project is achieved. Examine your purpose and goal to make sure that the purpose fully incorporates the intent within the goal.

    If, in this step, you find that activities and outputs are missing or are wrong, add or adjust them appropriately. And bear in mind that if you identify issues with elements higher up in this hierarchy, you’ll need to go back to Step 1 and identify appropriate outcomes and activities for those elements.

    Step 3: Identify the Risks and Assumptions of your plan (Column 4)
    We now cross over to the other side of the Logframe to identify risks associated with the project, and possible false assumptions that may undermine it.

    There are any number of external factors that can throw projects off course. In the planning and design phase, it is prudent to identify the major assumptions you’ve used and the degree or risk associated with them.

    For each of the points in the project’s structure (Column 1), identify the assumptions you’re making (which may or may not be correct), and look at the associated risks.

    To define your assumptions, ask “What actions or variables must exist for the project to start and proceed as planned?” Start at the bottom and work up.

    • Activity Assumptions: What do you need to happen for your activities to be completed successfully? And what conditions and resources are you assuming will be in place?
    • Output Assumptions: What factors outside of your control must be present to achieve the outputs you need?
    • Purpose Assumptions: To achieve the purpose, what external factors do you need to have in place?
    • Goal Assumptions: What are the necessary conditions for long-term viability of the project goal?

    Clarify these assumptions with stakeholders immediately, if you can. If you can’t, make sure you have early activities in place within your project plan to confirm that your assumptions are correct.

    Next, repeat this process looking at risks (see our article on Risk Analysis.) Make sure you plan in all of the activities needed to manage or eliminate risk, and if risk can neither be managed or eliminated, make sure that it’s clearly identified so that it can be evaluated in the next step.

    Step 4: Verify the Logic of the Risks and Assumptions
    Once you have identified assumptions and risks, you need to check them to determine:

    • Whether your assumptions will link one level of the project to the next; and
    • Whether risks are too large.

    First of all, check that your assumptions are logical using an if/and/then analysis. Start at the bottom and work up to ensure:

    • IF the activity is completed successfully, AND the assumptions underlying it are true, THEN the output will be delivered.
    • IF the output is delivered, AND the assumptions underlying it are true, THEN the purpose will be achieved.
    • IF the purpose is achieved, AND the assumptions underlying it are true, THEN the goal will be achieved.

    Then, check some additional points related to your risk and assumption analysis:

    • Make sure you have identified as many assumptions and risks as possible. Have you talked to everyone involved? Have you looked at the project from all angles?
    • Make sure your assumptions are stated specifically and are not too vague. You can’t assess risk accurately if you are working with generalities.
    • Do you have plans at each level to manage the risks you have identified?
    • If the risks you’re not able to manage are too high, consider redesigning the project or, if you still can’t reduce these to sensible levels, reconsider the project’s viability.

    Again, where this process exposes issues with your Logframe, update it appropriately.

    Step 5: Determine the Indicators of Achievement and Means of Verification
    When you are satisfied with the structure of the Logframe so far, and are comfortable that you can manage the risks related to your assumptions, you can move on to think about how you will monitor progress towards success.

    Performance indicators are the specific measures used to monitor this progress. Here are the criteria for a good indicator of achievement:

    • Valid – it must measure the intended result.
    • Reliable – the measure must be consistently attained over time.
    • Sensitive – the measure should respond to changes, and should sufficiently-quickly identify if things are going wrong.
    • Simple – the measure should be easy to collect or perform.
    • Useful – it must help with decision making or provide information for future learning.
    • Affordable – you need to be able to afford the financial and time costs involved in taking the measurement on a regular basis.

    Using these criteria, for each goal, purpose, output and activity, indicate what will be used to determine whether it was successfully achieved. Also note who will be responsible for setting these targets.

    Then indicate exactly how you will verify that achievement. What sources of data will you use? How will you collect the data? How often?

    Make sure that appropriate activities are in place within your plan to set up and manage these monitoring systems.

    Key points:

    The Logical Framework Approach is a great technique for making sure that your project plan is robust and coherent. By using it, you significantly increase the likelihood that your project will be successful.

    Firstly, it provides a useful framework for working through the design of your project with key stakeholders, making sure that you can take full advantage of their knowledge, insights and experience.

    Secondly, it provides a useful process for testing and checking your project plan, making sure that it contains all the necessary activities, is based on sound assumptions, and fairly weighs and manages the risks inherent within the project.

    Thirdly, it helps you ensure that appropriate control measures are embedded within the project, meaning that you can quickly identify where things are going wrong, and take appropriate corrective action.

    Microsoft features the best examples of pirated copies of its latest operating system Windows Vista. The Redmond company offers a variety of examples of counterfeit Vista products, in an effort to combat the piracy associated with the operating system. The 2007 Office System was also not overlooked in this matter. Alongside Vista, Office 2007 is one of the most prized items for the software bootleggers worldwide. Microsoft is delivering palpable proof of this. Along with the Windows Genuine Advantage and the Office Genuine Advantage mechanism, the Redmond company is also enabling customers to verify if the copies of Windows and Office along with additional software titles are genuine.

    The Counterfeit Microsoft Software Gallery complete with examples of rogue products collected by Microsoft from around the world is designed to provide customers with a resource to let them compare genuine and pirated Vista and Office 2007. All the items in the pirated Microsoft collection have been gathered in March and May 2007. The 64-bit version of Windows Vista Ultimate, a Chinese variant of x64 Vista, Office 2007 Enterprise, Office 2007 Professional and additional Vista editions have been counterfeited and sold worldwide. Such scenarios are in the detriment of unsuspecting buyers that are looking for a great deal only to end up buying pirated materials.

    Identifying original Microsoft Software – Click Here